河北两会《履职报》系列报道之一:杨勇:教育改革扎实推进群众获得感明显增强——人民网专访河北省政协委员、省教育厅厅长袁志广周立军

One of the series of reports of the two sessions in Hebei: Yang Yong: Education reform and solid promotion of the people's sense of gain is obviously enhanced - the people's net interview with the Hebei Provincial Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference member, provincial education department director Yuan Zhiguang Zhou Lijun

6日,人民网专访了河北省政协委员、省教育厅厅长杨勇,请他就教育改革、新改扩建幼儿园、义务教育均衡发展等热点问题进行答疑解惑。

On the 6th, the People's Network interviewed Yang Yong, a member of the Hebei Provincial Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and head of the provincial education department, and asked him to answer questions on such hot issues as education reform, new reconstruction and expansion of kindergartens and balanced development of compulsory education.

人民网:2019年是河北省全面贯彻落实全国、全省教育大会决策部署加速逐梦之年。回顾一年来的工作,河北教育取得了哪些新成绩?有何新亮点?

People's net:2019 is the year of Hebei Province to fully implement the national, provincial education conference decision-making arrangements to accelerate the dream. Looking back on the work in the past year, what new achievements have been made in Hebei education? What's the new highlight?

杨勇:2019年,对于河北教育改革发展来说,是极不平凡的一年。在省委、省政府坚强领导下,全省教育系统全面贯彻落实习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想和党的十九大精神,迎难而上、扎实工作,教育改革发展扎实推进。河北先后6次在全国性会议上作典型发言。

Yang Yong:2019, for Hebei education reform and development, it is a very extraordinary year. Under the strong leadership of the provincial party committee and the provincial government, the education system of the whole province has fully implemented the socialist thought with Chinese characteristics in the new era of Xi Jinping and the spirit of the Nineteenth National Congress of the Party, faced with the difficulties and worked in a down-to-earth manner, and promoted the reform and development of education in a down-to-earth manner. Hebei has made typical speeches at national conferences six times.

杨勇:截至目前,全省幼儿园数量万所,列全国第4位;在园幼儿239万人,列全国第6位。义务教育阶段大班额比例下降个百分点,实现了十年以来最大降幅。全省168个县(市、区)通过国家义务教育发展基本均衡县(市、区)督导检查,比规划提前一年整体通过国家督导评估。基础教育各学段毛入学率均高出全国平均水平。

Yang Yong: Up to now, there are ten thousand kindergartens in the province, ranking 4th in the country, and 2.39 million children in the kindergarten, ranking 6th in the country. The proportion of large classes in compulsory education fell by a percentage point, the largest decline in a decade. The 168 counties (cities and districts) of the province have passed the basic balanced county (city and district) supervision and inspection of the development of state compulsory education, one year ahead of schedule and the overall state supervision and evaluation. The gross enrolment rate in each section of basic education is higher than the national average.

11所职业院校被教育部认定为国家优质高职院校,数量居全国第五;10所高职院校入围中国特色高水平高职学校和专业建设计划,数量居全国第六。河北工业大学先进装备工程与技术学科群入选国家世界一流学科建设序列;河北大学被确定为部省合建高校;燕山大学机械工程学科在教育部学科评估中达到A类标准,接近国家“双一流”学科建设水平。

Eleven vocational colleges have been recognized by the Ministry of Education as the national high-quality higher vocational colleges, ranking fifth in the country in number;10 vocational colleges have been shortlisted for the high-level higher vocational schools with Chinese characteristics and the professional construction plan, ranking sixth in the country. The advanced equipment engineering and technology subject group of Hebei University of Technology was selected as the national world-class discipline construction sequence; the Hebei University was identified as the provincial joint construction university; the mechanical engineering subject of Yanshan University reached the A-class standard in the subject evaluation of the Ministry of Education, which is close to the national \"double-class\" discipline construction level.

人民网:2019年新建、改扩建200所幼儿园也被列入河北省20项民心工程,请问这项工作进展的如何?河北在推进学前教育做了哪些工作?

People's net:2019 new construction, reconstruction and expansion of 200 kindergartens are also listed in Hebei Province 20 popular support projects, how is the progress of this work? What has Hebei done to promote preschool education?

杨勇:2019年,围绕“扩充资源、优化布局、提高质量”这一目标,学前教育重点实施了“三大工程”,即:幼儿园建设工程、城镇小区配套幼儿园治理工程、保教质量提升工程。其中,“新建、改扩建200所幼儿园”被列入河北省20项民心工程,这也是我省连续第二年将“幼儿园建设工程”列入民心工程。2019年全年投入资金亿元,新建、改扩建公办园245所,超计划完成45所,新增学位万个。

Yang Yong: in 2019, around the goal of \"expanding resources, optimizing layout and improving quality \", preschool education has focused on the implementation of\" three major projects \", namely: kindergarten construction project, town district supporting kindergarten management project, and education quality improvement project. Among them,\" new construction, reconstruction and expansion of 200 kindergartens \"was listed in Hebei Province 20 popular support projects, which is also the second consecutive year in our province to\" kindergarten construction project \"included in the popular support project. A total of 100 million yuan was invested in 2019,245 new and expanded public gardens were built,45 were completed and 10,000 new degrees were added.

同时,我们在全国率先启动了“城镇小区配套幼儿园治理工程”,要求小区配套幼儿园回收后全部办成公办园或普惠性民办园。目前,全省共回收城镇小区配套幼儿园718所,回收率%,居全国第3位,唐山、邢台、衡水、邯郸、定州、辛集六市回收率达到100%。在去年召开的全国城镇小区配套幼儿园建设中期推进会上,河北作典型发言。

At the same time, we took the lead in launching the \"town district supporting kindergarten governance project \", requiring the district supporting kindergarten recovery after all into a public garden or inclusive private garden. At present, the province has recovered a total of 718 supporting kindergartens in urban residential areas, the recovery rate of%, ranked third in the country, Tangshan, Xingtai, Hengshui, Handan, Dingzhou, Xinji six cities recovery rate reached 100%. In last year's national town district supporting kindergarten construction mid-term promotion meeting, Hebei made a typical speech.

杨勇:在提高学前教育普及、普惠水平的基础上,我们实施了“保教质量提升工程”。强化幼儿师资培养,全年组织万名幼儿园骨干教师参加国家级、省级培训。在职幼儿园教师学历提升纳入高职院校扩招范围,15所院校共招收7900名幼儿园教师在职学习。进一步规范幼儿园保教行为,制定了《幼儿园保教工作30条》,走在全国前列。

Yang Yong: on the basis of improving the popularization and inclusive level of preschool education, we have carried out the \"Education quality improvement Project \". Strengthen the training of preschool teachers, and organize ten thousand kindergarten backbone teachers to participate in national and provincial training throughout the year. The promotion of in-service kindergarten teachers'academic qualifications is included in the expansion of higher vocational colleges, and 15 colleges and universities recruit a total of 7,900 kindergarten teachers on-the-job learning. Further standardize the kindergarten care behavior, formulated the \"kindergarten care work 30\", in the forefront of the country.

截至目前,全省幼儿园总量达到16559所,在园幼儿万,学前三年毛入园率达到%,超国家2020年规定目标个百分点。

Up to now, the total number of kindergartens in the province has reached 16,559, with ten thousand children in the kindergarten, and the gross enrolment rate in the three years before school has reached%, exceeding the national target of 2020 by one percentage point.

杨勇:2019年是河北省义务教育非常关键的一年。在全省上下的共同努力下,168个县(市、区)全部通过了国家义务教育基本均衡达标验收。

Yang Yong:2019 is a very critical year for compulsory education in Hebei Province. With the joint efforts of the whole province,168 counties (cities and districts) have all passed the basic balanced acceptance of compulsory education in the state.

这一年,我们围绕解决“乡村弱”问题,大力推进乡村小规模学校和乡镇寄宿制学校(简称“两类学校”)建设。全省安排省级专项资金5亿元,校舍安全保障机制资金亿元,全年新建、改扩建校舍面积58万平方米,极大改善了农村学校办学条件。

This year, we focused on solving the problem of \"rural weakness\" and vigorously promoted the construction of small-scale rural schools and township boarding schools (referred to as \"two types of schools \"). The province has allocated 500 million yuan for special provincial funds and 100 million yuan for the safety and security mechanism of schools, with a total area of 580,000 square meters being built, rebuilt and expanded throughout the year, greatly improving the conditions for running schools in rural areas.

围绕解决“城镇挤”问题,推进消除义务教育阶段大班额工作。截至2019年底,全省56人及以上大班额比例为%;66人及以上超大班额比例为%,呈持续下降趋势,为2020年全部消除超大班额奠定了良好基础。

We should focus on solving the problem of \"urban crowding\" and promote the elimination of large class size in the compulsory education stage. By the end of 2019, the proportion of large class size of 56 and above in the province was%, and the proportion of large class size of 66 and above was%, showing a continuous downward trend, which laid a good foundation for the total elimination of large class size by 2020.

围绕特色多样,推动普通高中多样化规范化发展。对原省级示范性高中评估办法和标准进行了修订,省级示范性高中达到260所,全省60%的高中学生享受到优质高中教育。

Around the characteristic diversity, promotes the general high school diversification standardization development. The former provincial model high school evaluation methods and standards were revised, the provincial model high school reached 260,60% of the province's high school students enjoy quality high school education.

人民网:习近平总书记在全国教育大会上指出,要提升教育服务经济社会发展能力,推动产教融合校企合作发展,着重培养创新型、复合型、应用型人才。河北在这些方面做了哪些工作?

People's net: General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out at the National Education Congress that it is necessary to enhance the ability of education to serve the economic and social development, promote the development of cooperation between schools and enterprises in the integration of industry and education, and focus on the cultivation of innovative, complex and applied talents. What has Hebei done in these areas?

杨勇:为贯彻落实习近平总书记关于产教融合、校企合作的重要指示,助力我省产业转型升级,我们主要做了以下工作:

Yang Yong: In order to implement General Secretary Xi Jinping's important instructions on integration of industry and education and cooperation between schools and enterprises, and to help our province transform and upgrade industries, we have done the following:

一是建立省级产教对接工作机制。省教育厅与省工信厅“双牵头”成立了省级产教对接工作专班,建立了牵头人碰头会制度、产教对接工作调度会机制、信息共享机制、行业组织与省级职教集团对接机制等四个机制,有力推进产教融合向纵深发展。

First, the establishment of provincial production and education docking work mechanism. The Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the Ministry of Industry and Information of the Ministry of Industry and Information of the Ministry of Industry and Information of the People's Republic of China have set up special classes for the work of industrial and educational docking at the provincial level.

二是组建省级职业教育集团。2019年,共组建28家省级职业教育集团,牵头成立了4个全国性、17个区域性职教联盟,举办了京津冀现代服务业、石油化工行业等多个领域的产教对接会、交流协作会。我省职业院校牵头组建的钢铁焦化、装备制造、土木建筑等7个省级职业教育集团被教育部评选为首批“全国示范性职教集团”。

Second, set up provincial vocational education group. In 2019, a total of 28 provincial vocational education groups were set up, leading the establishment of four national,17 regional vocational education alliances, held a Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei modern service industry, petrochemical industry and other fields of production and education reception, exchange and cooperation. The seven provincial vocational education groups, such as coking, equipment manufacturing and civil construction, were selected as the first batch of \"national model vocational education group\" by the Ministry of Education.

三是深化校企合作,双元育人。深入开展现代学徒制试点,我省获批26个国家级现代学徒制试点,开展了30个省级现代学徒制试点。全省职业院校全部开展了校企合作,合作企业达到2700多家……

Third, deepen cooperation between schools and enterprises, dual education. Further development of modern apprenticeship pilot, our province was approved 26 national modern apprenticeship pilot,30 provincial modern apprenticeship pilot. All vocational colleges and universities in the province have carried out cooperation between schools and enterprises, with more than 2700 cooperative enterprises.

通过以上措施,深入推动产教融合校企合作发展,着重培养创新型、复合型、应用型人才,不断提升教育服务经济社会发展能力。

Through the above measures, we will further promote the integration of industry and education into the development of cooperation between schools and enterprises, focusing on training innovative, complex and applied talents, and constantly improving the ability of education to serve the economic and social development.

人民网:2020年是脱贫攻坚决战决胜之年。助推脱贫攻坚,教育系统2019年做了哪些工作,未来又有何计划和安排?

People's net:2020 is the year of resolute victory in fighting against poverty. What has the education system done in 2019 and plans and arrangements for the future?

杨勇:省教育厅坚决贯彻落实党中央、国务院和省委省政府关于脱贫攻坚的决策部署,不断提高政治站位,着力推进教育扶贫工作。

Yang Yong: The provincial education department resolutely implements the Party Central Committee, the State Council and the provincial government's decision-making arrangements for overcoming poverty, constantly improves their political position, and makes great efforts to promote poverty alleviation in education.

2019年建立10个深度贫困县厅长“一对一”联系分包制度,充实完善教育脱贫攻坚行动领导小组力量。通过业务培训、电视电话会议、现场办公等不断加大工作力度。此外,组织全省各地逐人开展了疑似失学辍学儿童核查劝返工作,九年义务教育巩固率达到%,高出全国平均水平3个百分点。不断完善资助体系,共安排各类资助资金亿元,资助家庭经济困难学生247万人。农村小学生营养改善计划实现全覆盖,受益学生达到393万人。将乡村教师生活补助标准由每人每年3000元增至3600元,万教师受益。

In 2019, the establishment of 10 deep poverty county heads of the \"one-to-one\" link subcontracting system to enrich and improve the education poverty relief action leading group strength. Through business training, teleconferencing, on-site office, etc. to continuously increase efforts. In addition, people from all parts of the province have been organized to check and persuade children who have dropped out of school. A total of 100 million yuan has been allocated for various types of financial aid, with 2.47 million students living in financial difficulties. The nutrition improvement program for primary school students in rural areas has achieved full coverage, benefiting 3.93 million students. The standard of living allowance for rural teachers was increased from 3,000 yuan per person per year to 3,600 yuan, benefiting ten thousand teachers.

杨勇:我们还坚持问题导向,持续开展扶贫领域腐败和不正之风、脱贫攻坚政策不落实、财政扶贫资金监管等“三项治理行动”,组织国家考核、巡视、审计等问题“回头看”,加大整改力度,改进工作作风。

Yang Yong: We also adhere to the problem-oriented approach, continue to carry out the \"three actions\" on corruption and unhealthy tendencies in the field of poverty alleviation, the failure to implement the policy of overcoming poverty, and the supervision and control of financial aid-the-poor funds, and organize the state to \"look back\" on issues such as assessment, inspection and auditing, and intensify rectification and reform efforts to improve work style.

我们将2020年作为教育脱贫攻坚巩固提升年,坚持一手抓控辍措施落实、保学能力提升,一手抓“回头看”工作到位、脱贫质量巩固提升,持续发力、久久为功,确保高质量打赢脱贫攻坚战。

We will take 2020 as the year for education to overcome poverty and consolidate the promotion, adhere to the implementation of measures to control drop-out, improve the ability to ensure learning, focus on \"looking back\" at the work in place, consolidate and improve the quality of poverty eradication, and continue to work hard for a long time to ensure high quality to win the battle against poverty.


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