One of the series of reports of the two sessions in Hebei: Yang Yong: Education reform and solid promotion of the people's sense of gain is obviously enhanced - the people's net interview with the Hebei Provincial Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference member, provincial education department director Yuan Zhiguang Zhou Lijun
On the 6th, the People's Network interviewed Yang Yong, a member of the Hebei Provincial Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and head of the provincial education department, and asked him to answer questions on such hot issues as education reform, new reconstruction and expansion of kindergartens and balanced development of compulsory education.
People's net:2019 is the year of Hebei Province to fully implement the national, provincial education conference decision-making arrangements to accelerate the dream. Looking back on the work in the past year, what new achievements have been made in Hebei education? What's the new highlight?
Yang Yong:2019, for Hebei education reform and development, it is a very extraordinary year. Under the strong leadership of the provincial party committee and the provincial government, the education system of the whole province has fully implemented the socialist thought with Chinese characteristics in the new era of Xi Jinping and the spirit of the Nineteenth National Congress of the Party, faced with the difficulties and worked in a down-to-earth manner, and promoted the reform and development of education in a down-to-earth manner. Hebei has made typical speeches at national conferences six times.
Yang Yong: Up to now, there are ten thousand kindergartens in the province, ranking 4th in the country, and 2.39 million children in the kindergarten, ranking 6th in the country. The proportion of large classes in compulsory education fell by a percentage point, the largest decline in a decade. The 168 counties (cities and districts) of the province have passed the basic balanced county (city and district) supervision and inspection of the development of state compulsory education, one year ahead of schedule and the overall state supervision and evaluation. The gross enrolment rate in each section of basic education is higher than the national average.
Eleven vocational colleges have been recognized by the Ministry of Education as the national high-quality higher vocational colleges, ranking fifth in the country in number;10 vocational colleges have been shortlisted for the high-level higher vocational schools with Chinese characteristics and the professional construction plan, ranking sixth in the country. The advanced equipment engineering and technology subject group of Hebei University of Technology was selected as the national world-class discipline construction sequence; the Hebei University was identified as the provincial joint construction university; the mechanical engineering subject of Yanshan University reached the A-class standard in the subject evaluation of the Ministry of Education, which is close to the national \"double-class\" discipline construction level.
People's net:2019 new construction, reconstruction and expansion of 200 kindergartens are also listed in Hebei Province 20 popular support projects, how is the progress of this work? What has Hebei done to promote preschool education?
Yang Yong: in 2019, around the goal of \"expanding resources, optimizing layout and improving quality \", preschool education has focused on the implementation of\" three major projects \", namely: kindergarten construction project, town district supporting kindergarten management project, and education quality improvement project. Among them,\" new construction, reconstruction and expansion of 200 kindergartens \"was listed in Hebei Province 20 popular support projects, which is also the second consecutive year in our province to\" kindergarten construction project \"included in the popular support project. A total of 100 million yuan was invested in 2019,245 new and expanded public gardens were built,45 were completed and 10,000 new degrees were added.
At the same time, we took the lead in launching the \"town district supporting kindergarten governance project \", requiring the district supporting kindergarten recovery after all into a public garden or inclusive private garden. At present, the province has recovered a total of 718 supporting kindergartens in urban residential areas, the recovery rate of%, ranked third in the country, Tangshan, Xingtai, Hengshui, Handan, Dingzhou, Xinji six cities recovery rate reached 100%. In last year's national town district supporting kindergarten construction mid-term promotion meeting, Hebei made a typical speech.
Yang Yong: on the basis of improving the popularization and inclusive level of preschool education, we have carried out the \"Education quality improvement Project \". Strengthen the training of preschool teachers, and organize ten thousand kindergarten backbone teachers to participate in national and provincial training throughout the year. The promotion of in-service kindergarten teachers'academic qualifications is included in the expansion of higher vocational colleges, and 15 colleges and universities recruit a total of 7,900 kindergarten teachers on-the-job learning. Further standardize the kindergarten care behavior, formulated the \"kindergarten care work 30\", in the forefront of the country.
Up to now, the total number of kindergartens in the province has reached 16,559, with ten thousand children in the kindergarten, and the gross enrolment rate in the three years before school has reached%, exceeding the national target of 2020 by one percentage point.
Yang Yong:2019 is a very critical year for compulsory education in Hebei Province. With the joint efforts of the whole province,168 counties (cities and districts) have all passed the basic balanced acceptance of compulsory education in the state.
This year, we focused on solving the problem of \"rural weakness\" and vigorously promoted the construction of small-scale rural schools and township boarding schools (referred to as \"two types of schools \"). The province has allocated 500 million yuan for special provincial funds and 100 million yuan for the safety and security mechanism of schools, with a total area of 580,000 square meters being built, rebuilt and expanded throughout the year, greatly improving the conditions for running schools in rural areas.
We should focus on solving the problem of \"urban crowding\" and promote the elimination of large class size in the compulsory education stage. By the end of 2019, the proportion of large class size of 56 and above in the province was%, and the proportion of large class size of 66 and above was%, showing a continuous downward trend, which laid a good foundation for the total elimination of large class size by 2020.
Around the characteristic diversity, promotes the general high school diversification standardization development. The former provincial model high school evaluation methods and standards were revised, the provincial model high school reached 260,60% of the province's high school students enjoy quality high school education.
People's net: General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out at the National Education Congress that it is necessary to enhance the ability of education to serve the economic and social development, promote the development of cooperation between schools and enterprises in the integration of industry and education, and focus on the cultivation of innovative, complex and applied talents. What has Hebei done in these areas?
Yang Yong: In order to implement General Secretary Xi Jinping's important instructions on integration of industry and education and cooperation between schools and enterprises, and to help our province transform and upgrade industries, we have done the following:
First, the establishment of provincial production and education docking work mechanism. The Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the Ministry of Industry and Information of the Ministry of Industry and Information of the Ministry of Industry and Information of the People's Republic of China have set up special classes for the work of industrial and educational docking at the provincial level.
Second, set up provincial vocational education group. In 2019, a total of 28 provincial vocational education groups were set up, leading the establishment of four national,17 regional vocational education alliances, held a Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei modern service industry, petrochemical industry and other fields of production and education reception, exchange and cooperation. The seven provincial vocational education groups, such as coking, equipment manufacturing and civil construction, were selected as the first batch of \"national model vocational education group\" by the Ministry of Education.
Third, deepen cooperation between schools and enterprises, dual education. Further development of modern apprenticeship pilot, our province was approved 26 national modern apprenticeship pilot,30 provincial modern apprenticeship pilot. All vocational colleges and universities in the province have carried out cooperation between schools and enterprises, with more than 2700 cooperative enterprises.
Through the above measures, we will further promote the integration of industry and education into the development of cooperation between schools and enterprises, focusing on training innovative, complex and applied talents, and constantly improving the ability of education to serve the economic and social development.
People's net:2020 is the year of resolute victory in fighting against poverty. What has the education system done in 2019 and plans and arrangements for the future?
Yang Yong: The provincial education department resolutely implements the Party Central Committee, the State Council and the provincial government's decision-making arrangements for overcoming poverty, constantly improves their political position, and makes great efforts to promote poverty alleviation in education.
In 2019, the establishment of 10 deep poverty county heads of the \"one-to-one\" link subcontracting system to enrich and improve the education poverty relief action leading group strength. Through business training, teleconferencing, on-site office, etc. to continuously increase efforts. In addition, people from all parts of the province have been organized to check and persuade children who have dropped out of school. A total of 100 million yuan has been allocated for various types of financial aid, with 2.47 million students living in financial difficulties. The nutrition improvement program for primary school students in rural areas has achieved full coverage, benefiting 3.93 million students. The standard of living allowance for rural teachers was increased from 3,000 yuan per person per year to 3,600 yuan, benefiting ten thousand teachers.
Yang Yong: We also adhere to the problem-oriented approach, continue to carry out the \"three actions\" on corruption and unhealthy tendencies in the field of poverty alleviation, the failure to implement the policy of overcoming poverty, and the supervision and control of financial aid-the-poor funds, and organize the state to \"look back\" on issues such as assessment, inspection and auditing, and intensify rectification and reform efforts to improve work style.
We will take 2020 as the year for education to overcome poverty and consolidate the promotion, adhere to the implementation of measures to control drop-out, improve the ability to ensure learning, focus on \"looking back\" at the work in place, consolidate and improve the quality of poverty eradication, and continue to work hard for a long time to ensure high quality to win the battle against poverty.