People's Daily client on January 4 news, recently, some areas appear a few toll station congestion, individual vehicle charge amount abnormal; some truck owners, private car owners feel higher than before the phenomenon. Since the provincial toll station of the expressway was withdrawn and connected to the network at 00:00 on January 1, the national highway network has been running smoothly, but various new situations and new problems have emerged.
Many people wonder why the use of etc, high - speed instead of more block, more expensive? In response to these questions, the responsible comrades of the Ministry of Transport responded recently.
The Ministry of Transport responded: at present, the national highway network operation has just been 3 days, some areas of the system operation is not stable enough, need to be further debugged and improved.
In response to congestion at a handful of toll stations, the ministry said it had asked each toll station to keep at least one manual\/hybrid lane at the entrance and exit direction to meet the need for manual fee-paying vehicles. Recently, it was also stressed that all localities should make reasonable adjustments according to the proportion of traffic volume to ensure the rapid passage of vehicles. In other words, when the backlog of manual toll export vehicles is serious, and etc lanes are unblocked, in some parts of the mixed lanes of both manual toll collection and access to etc vehicles, manual toll collection is adopted to relieve the queuing pressure.
In response to the abnormal amount of fees charged for individual vehicles, the Ministry of Transport said all localities should adhere to the principle of giving priority to traffic and never let the interests of trucks be damaged. At the same time, all localities are required to contact the parties in the first time, investigate and verify the situation, the first time voice, timely and properly handled. If it is a false charge, it must be returned in full. At present, all localities have organized technical teams to tackle key problems and will speed up improvement and improvement.
Ministry of transport response: in theory, around the station before and after the bus toll rates have not changed, should not change traffic charges. However, the original charging system is based on the shortest path charge, while the new network charging system is based on the actual path of vehicle traffic accurate billing, a small number of vehicle tolls may rise.
In other words, in the past the toll system was not \"smart\" enough to know only that your entrance and exit on the highway, when tolling, is calculated according to the shortest path between the entrance and exit.
But now, the nation's highways are generally equipped with etc gate racks, with a etc gate rack in a few kilometers. In this way, the toll system will know your actual route on the highway. The amount of fees charged by the vehicle through a single etc gate rack is calculated according to its mileage and charge standard and rounded to points according to the rounding rule. After the vehicle gets off the highway, add up the fees calculated by the etc gateframe, which is the due toll.
Previously, the authorities in Beijing explained the issue in detail at a media communication meeting to cancel the provincial toll station on December 27 last year.
According to the unified deployment of the Ministry of Transport, the new highway toll collection system was officially put into operation at 00 on January 1,2020. There will be several changes in the cost of passage, including: accurate charges, no longer \"two-house eight-in, three-and-seven\" rounding charges, accurate to 5 yuan,10 yuan, but the ETC accurate to the sub-point, MTC accurate to the yuan; according to the actual road charge, the real embodiment of \"multi-purpose road pay more, less road pay less.
Beijing authorities said: while the overall vehicle toll burden slightly decreased, some road sections, export charges will change, up and down. Take the car that goes out of the city via Beijing-Kai Expressway to Huangcun as an example, if drive out in Gaomidian exit, total about km, according to the past standard toll of 5 yuan, if according to the precise charge rule of about yuan, the charge has been reduced; if drive out in Jinhua Temple, total about km, according to the past standard toll of 5 yuan, if according to the precise charge rule of about yuan, the charge will be increased.
The ministry responded:'This is mainly due to the fact that, since January 1 this year, when trucks pass through the motorway, the toll charge has been adjusted from the weight charge to the number of axles.
Why change it? Mainly because by the model charge is advantageous to enhance the traffic efficiency. Since 2004, to curb the problem of overloading trucks, China has begun to impose heavy charges on trucks, which have also played a certain restrictive role. However, due to the truck weight charge need to stop, weighing, to some extent affect the efficiency of the truck at the highway exit. And according to the type of fees, that is, the same axle type of trucks, no matter how much cargo, according to the unified standard fees, the truck can achieve no parking fast passage.
Prior to the reform, departments such as transport had issued a notice requiring all localities to make \"two guarantees\" based on the weighted average total quality of vehicles and goods by mileage: to ensure that the overall toll burden on trucks was not increased and that the toll payable on the same model under standard loading was not greater than the amount charged at the time of heavy charges. That is to say, when the same truck is loaded with goods, the standard of charge by axle will certainly be lower than the charge by weight, and the charge may be higher in the case of goods truck half a year or even no load.
Taking the new standard of highway toll collection announced by Henan Province as an example, the original 2 yuan \/ ton bridge tunnel, the charge standard of 6 kinds of goods vehicles (6 axle goods vehicles) is 45 yuan \/ time, and the freight charge is higher than before when the truck is within the load-load ton, and lower than before when the load-load ton is 49 tons.
It should be said that the switching of these two types of fees is related to the game between \"owner\" and \"road owner \": if the charge is converted to the standard of axle charge according to the full load (that is, the charge under the full load of the original truck is converted into the standard of axle charge), then the owner loses the loss and the highway company gains the profit; if the charge is no load, then the situation is reversed, and it is not fair enough for the builders and investors of the highway.
In order not to increase the owner's burden on the whole, but also not to reduce the highway company's income and increase the risk of debt repayment, we must find a \"balance point\" between \"full load\" and \"no load \". Taking the previous section of the Henan high-speed bridge and tunnel as an example, the local equilibrium point is the% load rate (ton \/49 tons).
At present, the \"balance point\" determined by different highways in various provinces, districts and cities of the country is not the same, and the standard of determining toll collection also belongs to the local authority. However, the Ministry of Transport has indicated that it will organize forces to conduct in-depth research and analysis on local rate adjustment programs, urge all localities to strictly implement them, and achieve a reduction of at least 10% in freight car charges compared with the full load, and will not allow all localities to take the opportunity to raise the fee standards and increase the burden of freight cars.
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